A 10-inch LP they recorded at Nashville’s Ryman Auditorium for Decca remains a much sought-after collector’s item.Over the next two decades Martin became one of the most respected session leaders in Nashville. He made memorable contributions to recordings by, among others, Floyd Cramer, Patsy Cline, Brenda Lee, Ray Price, Kris Kristofferson and Merle Haggard and by the 1970s was working as a producer for Monument Records.It became clear, however, that he was becoming jaded by new trends in record production and in 1978 he returned to the life of a touring musician; working alongside first Jerry Reed and then, until his retirement some 16 years later, with Willie Nelson. He remained modest about his achievements, sayingI’m not a star. Makin’ a good record and havin’ it accepted – just bein’ part of havin’ a hit record – that’s what mattered to me.Paul Wadey. Llywelyn (Lyn) John Evans, journalist and television executive: born Cardiff 16 July 1914; Officer for Wales and the West of England, Independent Television Authority, 1959-79; OBE 1969; married 1939 Edna Evans (one son, two daughters); died Cardiff 3 December 2001. The first commercial television company, Television Wales and the West (TWW), founded in 1958, shared its territory with Granada. When in 1962 a new consortium, Teledu Cymru, was launched under the leadership of Dr Haydn Williams, Director of Education for Flintshire, its main rival was TWW.
Unable for technical reasons to reach its target audience – its signal was too weak for the mountainous terrain – Teledu Cymru ran almost immediately into financial difficulty and, amid bitter acrimony, folded less than a year later.That TWW was able to take over the assets and function of Teledu Cymru, including the provision of seven hours of Welsh language programmes a week, a crucial consideration, was in large measure facilitated by Lyn Evans, the Independent Television Authority’s Chief Executive in Wales. The eyes and ears of the ITA (later the Independent Broadcasting Authority, or IBA, and now the Independent Television Commission, or ITC), Evans brought to his post a profound understanding of the politics of broadcasting, as well as managerial skills of a high order, which ensured that the takeover and subsequent course of independent broadcasting in Wales would be as smooth as possible.Although he avoided the limelight, preferring to play the discreet civil servant, it was generally known that Evans was at the heart of the decision-making process. He provided, moreover, a persuasive voice in the committees of the ITA in London.At home, although the most genial of men, he was not averse to speaking plainly if he thought the interests of programme-makers and television executives were in jeopardy. Television, he believed, was a vital sector of the nation’s cultural life and needed the most favourable circumstances if it was to flourish.The same commitment to high standards was demonstrated by Evans after the establishment of Harlech Television (later HTV in 1967), which he oversaw with his usual percipience. One of his extra-office duties, which he accepted with alacrity, was to undertake public engagements the length and breadth of Wales, in which he was able to speak with great eloquence to lay audiences about the complexities of broadcasting policy and practice.Born in Cardiff in 1914, Lyn Evans was the son of Howell T. Evans, headmaster of the County School at Aberaeron in Cardiganshire, where he was brought up from the age of four. He was inordinately proud of his father’s reputation as the author of a number of books on the history of Wales, some of which were widely used as secondary school textbooks during the inter-war years, and wrote an affectionate biography of him, Portrait of a Pioneer (1982).Although his father was a major influence on his cultural attitudes, it was a matter of regret for Evans that, typical of the time and class to which he belonged, he had not been brought up Welsh-speaking, something he put right when, as a young adult he learnt the language.
It was a source of pride to him that his three children were able to speak Welsh.Nor did he emulate his father’s distinguished academic career, but left school at the age of 15 to become a cub reporter on the staff of the South Wales Journal of Commerce in Cardiff’s docklands, then as a staff reporter for the Western Mail and The South Wales Echo.After Second World War service with the RAF Evans he joined The Daily Herald (in South Wales and London), and finally the News Chronicle as editor of its Welsh pages, a post he held until the late 1950s. He moved from journalism into the Civil Service on his appointment as Senior Information Officer of the Central Office of Information in Cardiff.In 1959 his experience as an administrator and journalist covering Welsh affairs helped him secure the new post of Officer for Wales and the West of England in the Cardiff office of the ITA where he remained until his retirement in 1979. For his services to broadcasting in Wales he was appointed OBE in 1969.A private man, as much by instinct ads by the exigencies of his profession status, Lyn Evans nevertheless played an active role in the social life of Cardiff. He was for many years President of Cardiff East Rotary Club and a member of the Cardiff Welsh Dining Club, a select and influential group which meets in the capital. He was also, as a staunch Baptist, a trustee of Tabernacl, the chapel in the heart of the city’s shopping centre and a member of several choirs.Meic Stephens.
Hence the extreme moderation of its campaign to improve conditions for the 1,500 monkeys and apes imported to Britain for the purpose of research. While the intimidatory zealots of the animal-rights movements should be condemned – and indeed the Government was right to step in to prop up Huntingdon Life Sciences when potential bankers were scared off – it must be said that the RSPCA does not go nearly far enough.The case for using monkeys and apes to test whether substances or procedures might be harmful to humans simply cannot be made. “Because we can,” is the real pragmatic justification for all manner of human cruelty to other animals, but the best modern philosophers are unable to provide robust ethical foundations for much that is accepted practice. The very reason why non-human primates are used in research undermines the moral case for doing so: that they are so closely related to us.It is easy to see why the RSPCA did not go so far as to call for an outright ban on the use of monkeys and apes. The next question is: why stop there? For a campaigning organisation trying to mobilise the soft underbelly of Middle British opinion in order to achieve immediate relief for animals, the society wants neither the distraction of awkward philosophical questions nor the taint of animal-rights fundamentalism.A reasonable person may conclude that some animal testing is justified and may have no qualms about pulling the wings off the much-experimented-upon fruit fly in the name of science, while wanting to draw the line somewhere between the fruit fly and the monkey in the scales of intelligence and sentience.For all its good work, including last week’s campaign drawing attention to the poor conditions of chickens reared for meat, the RSPCA has been too timid this time. The use of chimpanzees in research was banned in Britain in 1986 and is on the way out in the Netherlands, the last remaining EU country to allow it.